Understanding Institutions: The Science and Philosophy of Living Together. Princeton: Princeton University Press (2016). [Italian edition: Pensare le istituzioni: scienza e filosofia del vivere insieme. LUISS University Press, 2018; Japanese edition: Keio University Press, 2018]. Winner of the American Philosophical Association’s 2018 Joseph B. Gittler Award.

Mente, mercati, decisioni: un’introduzione all’economia cognitiva e sperimentale. Milano: Università Bocconi Editore (2011) (with Matteo Motterlini).

Filosofia dell’economia: modelli, causalitá, previsione. Bologna: Il Mulino (2006).

The Methodology of Experimental Economics. New York: Cambridge University Press (2005). [Japanese edition, Nihon Keizai Hyoron sha Ltd 2013]

Edited volumes

The Philosophy of Social Science Reader. London: Routledge (2011) (with Daniel Steel).

Economia cognitiva e sperimentale. Milano: Universita’ Bocconi Editore (2005) (with Matteo Motterlini).


Rescuing Ontological Individualism”, Philosophy of Science, forthcoming.

On Letting Serious Crises Go to Waste”, Journal of Economic Methodology (2021) online first.

“Behavioural Politics: Social Insurance and Mutual Benefit in Robert Sugden’s The Community of Advantage”, International Review of Economics (2020) online first.

Solving the Hi-lo Paradox: Equilibria, Beliefs, and Coordination”, in Minimal Cooperation and Shared Agency, edited by Anika Fiebich, Springer (2020), pp. 149-168.

“Institutions and Functions”, in Institutions in Action, edited by T. Andina and P. Bojanic. Springer (2020), pp. 9-19 (with Frank Hindriks).

The Functions of Institutions: Etiology and Teleology”, Synthese (2019) online first (with Frank Hindriks).

Preferences: Neither Behavioural nor Mental”, Economics & Philosophy 35 (2019): 383-401.

“Filosofia dell’economia”, in La Filosofia della scienza in Italia, edited by P. Barrotta and E. Montuschi. Roma: Armando (2019), pp. 203-225.

“Coordination, Team Reasoning, and Solution Thinking”, Revue d’économie politique 128 (2018), pp. 355-372.

“Group Identity as a Social Heuristic: An Experiment with Reaction Times”, Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics 10 (2017), pp. 153-166 (with Antonio Filippin).

The Effect of Group Identity on Distributive Choice: Social Preference or Heuristic?”, Economic Journal 127 (2017): 1047-1068 (with Antonio Filippin).

Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Naturalism and Anti-Naturalism”, in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science, edited by Paul Humphreys. Oxford University Press, 2016, pp. 43-64.

Performativity Rationalized”, in Enacting the Dismal Science: New Perspectives on the Performativity of Economics, edited by Ivan Boldyrev and Ekaterina Svetlova. Palgrave-MacMillan, 2016, pp. 29-52

“Artificiality, Reactivity, and Demand Effects in Experimental Economics”, Philosophy of the Social Sciences 46 (2016): 3-23 (with Maria Jimenez-Buedo).

Institutions, Rules, and Equilibria: A Unified Theory”, Journal of Institutional Economics 11 (2015): 459-480 (with Frank Hindriks).

A Unified Social Ontology”, Philosophical Quarterly 165 (2015): 177-201 (with Frank Hindriks).

A Political Justification of Nudging”, Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (2015): 385-395 (with Luigi Mittone).

The Normativity of Institutions”, Phenomenology and Mind 9 (2015): 116-127.

“On the Nature of Social Kinds”, in Perspectives on Social Ontology and Social Cognition, edited by Mattia Gallotti and John Michaels. Springer (2014), pp. 57-68.

The Normativity of Lewis Conventions”, Synthese 190 (2013): 3107-3122.

Group Membership, Team Preferences, and Expectations”, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 86 (2013), pp. 183-190  (with Luigi Mittone and Matteo Ploner).

Reflexivity and Equilibria”, Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (2013): 397-405.

Costless Discrimination and Unequal Achievements in an Experimental Tournament”, Experimental Economics 16 (2013), pp. 285-305 (with Antonio Filippin).

“Responsabilità e scelta secondo le scienze sociali”, in Quanto siamo responsabili? Filosofia, neuroscienze e società, edited by Mario de Caro, Andrea Lavazza and Giuseppe Sartori. Torino: Codice Edizioni (2013), pp. 101-123.

Reciprocity: Weak or Strong? What Punishment Experiments Do (and Do Not) Demonstrate”, Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (2012), pp. 1-15, 45-59.

Limbic and Prefrontal Activity during Conformity and Violation of Norms in a Coordination Game”, Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics 5 (2012), pp. 1-17 (with Tim Hodgson, Tim Miller and Ian Summers).

Are Preferences for Real? Choice Theory, Folk Psychology, and the Hard Case for Commonsensible Realism”, in Economics for Real: Uskali Maki and the Place of Truth in Economics, edited by A. Lehtinen and P. Ylikoski. London: Routledge (2012), pp. 137-155.

“The Evolutionary Programme in Social Philosophy”, in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Social Science, edited by Harold Kincaid. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 435-457.

Experimentation in Economics”, in Handbook of the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 13: Philosophy of Economics, edited by Uskali Mäki. Amsterdam: Elsevier (2012), pp. 597-640.

“Experiments”, in The Sage Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences, edited by I. Jarvie and J. Zamora-Bonilla. London: Sage (2011), pp. 477-493.

“How History and Conventions Create Norms: An Experimental Study”, Journal of Economic Psychology 31 (2010), pp. 749-756 (with Luigi Mittone).

Infallibilism and Human Kinds”, Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (2010) , pp. 244-264.

“Extrapolation, Analogy, and Comparative Process Tracing”, Philosophy of Science 77 (2010), pp. 1070-1082.

“The Philosopher in the Scanner (Or: How Can Neuroscience Contribute to Social Philosophy?)”, Journal of Economic Methodology 17 (2010), pp. 147-157 (with Tim Hodgson). Italian translation: “Il filosofo nello scanner. Come la filosofia può contribuire alla neuroscienza (e viceversa)”, Sistemi intelligenti 23 (2011), pp. 147-162

“Paradigmatic Experiments: the Dictator’s Game”, Journal of Socio-Economics 39 (2010), pp. 578-584 (with Luigi Mittone).

“Methodological Issues in Experimental Design and Interpretation”, in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Economics, edited by Harold Kincaid and Don Ross. New York: Oxford University Press (2009), pp. 280-305.

Esistono le convenzioni di Lewis?”, Rivista di estetica 41 (2009), pp. 141-159.

“The Development of Capability Indicators”, Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 10 (2009), pp. 125-152 (with Paul Anand, Graham Hunter, Ian Carter, Keith Dowding and Martin van Hees).

Paradigmatic Experiments: The Ultimatum Game from Testing to Measurement Device”, Philosophy of Science 75 (2008), pp. 658-669. Italian translation: “Esperimenti paradigmatici: il gioco dell’ultimatum”, HumanaMente 10 (2009), pp. 1-10.

Experimental Economics, History of”, in The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Vol. 3, edited by S. Durlauf and L. Blume. London: Palgrave-MacMillan (2008), pp. 152-156.

How to Do Things with Experimental Economics”, in Do Economists Make Markets? On the Performativity of Economics, edited by D. MacKenzie, F. Muniesa, and L. Siu. Princeton: Princeton University Press (2007), pp. 128-162.

“The Philosophy of Social Science: Metaphysical and Empirical”, Philosophy Compass 2 (2007), pp. 954-980.

Has Game Theory Been Refuted?”, Journal of Philosophy 103 (2006), pp. 239-263.

“For Normative Economic Methodology”, Storia del pensiero economico 3 (2006), pp. 39-50.

Heterogeneous Agents in Public Goods Experiments”, Experimental Economics 8 (2005), pp. 35-54 (with Roberto Burlando).

“Economics in the Lab: Completeness vs. Testability”, Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (2005), pp. 185-196.

“Psicologia ed esperimenti in economia”, in Economia cognitiva e sperimentale, edited by M. Motterlini and F. Guala. Milano: Università Bocconi Editore (2005), pp. 1-59 (with Matteo Motterlini).

“Experiments in Economics: External Validity and the Robustness of Phenomena”, Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (2005), 495-515 (with Luigi Mittone).

Talking about Structures: the ‘Transcendental’ Argument”, Revue de philosophie economique 12 (2005), pp. 3-17.

Experimental Localism and External Validity”, Philosophy of Science 70 (2003), pp. 1195-1205.

“Autonomy Freedom and Deliberation”, Journal of Theoretical Politics 15 (2003), pp. 423-443 (with Sebastiano Bavetta).

“Model Robustness in ‘Old’ and ‘New’ Growth Theory”, in Old and New Growth Theories: An Assessment, edited by N. Salvadori, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar (2003), pp. 115-126 (with Andrea Salanti).

Models, Simulations, and Experiments”, in Model-Based Reasoning: Science, Technology, Values, edited by L. Magnani and N.J. Nersessian. New York: Kluwer (2002), pp. 59-74.

“On the Scope of Experiments in Economics: Comments on Siakantaris”, Cambridge Journal of Economics 26 (2002), pp. 261-267.

“I contesti della scienza”, in La svolta contestuale, edited by C. Penco. Milano: McGraw-Hill (2002), pp. 79-98 (with Matteo Motterlini).

Building Economic Machines: The FCC Auctions”, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 32 (2001), pp. 453-477. Winner of the 2002 INEM (International Network for Economic Method) Prize. Reprinted in Recent Developments in Economic Methodology, Vol. I, edited by J. Davis. Cheltenham: Elgar, 2006, pp. 316-340; also in The Philosophy of Social Science Reader, edited by D. Steel and F. Guala. London: Routledge, 2011, pp. 262-278.

“Vilfredo Pareto and the Epistemological Foundations of Choice Theory”, History of Political Economy 33 (2001), pp. 21-49 (with Luigino Bruni). Winner of the 2002 History of Economic Analysis Award, by the European Society for the History of Economic Thought.

“Theory, Experiments and Explanation in Economics”, Revue internationale de philosophie 317 (2001), pp. 327-349 (with Andrea Salanti).

“Artefacts in Experimental Economics: Preference Reversals and the Becker-DeGroot-Marschak Mechanism”, Economics and Philosophy 16 (2000), pp. 47-75.

“The Logic of Normative Falsification: Rationality and Experiments in Decision Theory”, Journal of Economic Methodology 7 (2000), pp. 59-93.

“The Problem of External Validity (Or ‘Parallelism’) in Experimental Economics”, Social Science Information 38 (1999), pp. 555-73. Reprinted in New Developments in Experimental Economics, Vol. II, edited by E. Carbone and C. Starmer. Cheltenham: Elgar, 2007.

“Pareto’s Theory of Choice: from the Cours to the Trattato”, in Pareto aujourd’hui, edited by Alban Bouvier, Paris, Presses Universitaires de France (1999), pp. 111-126 (with Luigino Bruni).

Experiments as Mediators in the Non-laboratory Sciences”, Philosophica 62 (1998), pp. 901-918. Reprinted in New Developments in Experimental Economics, Vol. II, edited by E. Carbone and C. Starmer. Cheltenham: Elgar, 2007.

“Pareto on Idealization and the Method of Analysis-Synthesis”, Social Science Information 37 (1998), pp. 23-44.


Capital and Ideology, by T. Piketty, Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 13 (2021), 214-222.

Norms in the Wild, by Cristina Bicchieri, Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 10 (2017): 101-111.

Economics as Social Science, by Roberto Marchionatti and Mario Cedrini, History of Economic Ideas, in press.

Handbook of Experimental Economic Methodology, edited by R. Guillaume Fréchette and A. Schotter,  Journal of Economic Methodology 24 (2017): 108-114.

The Ant Trap: Rebuilding the Foundations of Social Science, by Brian Epstein, Journal of Social Ontology 2 (2016), 135-47. A partial Italian translation has appeared in Iride (2017): 216-222.

Normativity and Naturalism in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences, edited by Mark Risjord, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews (October 2016).

Philosophy of Economics, by Julian Reiss, Economics and Philosophy 30 (2014): 241-260.

Error in Economics, by Julian Reiss, Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (2011), pp. 83-86.

Rationality in Economics, by Vernon Smith,  History of Economic Ideas 17 (2009), pp. 185-188.

Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science, by D. Steel, Metascience 18 (2009), pp. 331-333.

The Grammar of Society, by Cristina Bicchieri, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (2007), pp. 613-618.

Economic Theory and Cognitive Science: Microexplanation, by Don Ross, Philosophical Papers 36 (2007), pp. 163-169.

Naissance de la biopolitique, by M. Foucault, Economics and Philosophy 22 (2006), pp. 429-439.

The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy, edited by J. Davis, A. Marciano and J. Runde, Economic Journal, 116 (2006), pp. 318-321.

Fact and Fiction in Economics: Models, Realism and Social Construction, edited by U. Maki, Economics and Philosophy 20 (2004), pp. 217-223.

The Economic World View: Studies in the Ontology of Economics, edited by U. Maki, Journal of Economic Methodology 11 (2004), pp. 91-97.

Reflection without Rules: Economic Methodology and Contemporary Science Theory, by D.W. Hands, History of Economic Ideas 10 (2002), pp. 171-176.

Fra paradigmi e rivoluzioni: Thomas Kuhn, by G. Giordano, Isis 93 (2002), pp. 358-359.

Models as Mediators: Perspectives on Natural and Social Science, edited by M.S. Morgan and M. Morrison, Economics and Philosophy 17 (2001), pp. 288-294 (with Stathis Psillos).

Rationality, Allocation, and Reproduction, by V. Walsh, Risk Decision and Policy 2 (1997), pp. 106-107.

Short entries in dictionaries and encyclopedias, commentaries, chapters in textbooks

“Social Norms, Expectations and Sanctions” (a comment on Frank Hindriks’ “Norms that Make a Difference”), Analyse & Kritik 41 (2019): 183–189.

“Précis of Understanding Institutions”, Philosophy of the Social Sciences 48 (2018): 539-549.

“Replies to Critics”, Philosophy of the Social Sciences 48 (2018): 630-645.

“Three Comments on Emma Tieffenbach’s Review”, Annali della Fondazione Luigi Einaudi 52 (2018): 323-6.

“Understanding Institutions: Replies to Aoki, Binmore, Hodgson, Searle, Smith, and Sugden”, Journal of Institutional Economics  11 (2015): 515-522 (with Frank Hindriks).

“On the Role of Experiments in Economics: Reply to Jones”, Economics and Philosophy 30 (2014): 503–511

“Experiments in Social Science”, in Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences, Volume 1, edited by Byron Kaldis. London: Sage (2013), pp. 323-325.

“Bargaining Power and the Evolution of Un-fair, Non-mutualistic Moral Norms”, Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (2013), pp. 92-93.

“Economia sperimentale”, in Le garzantine: economia, Milano, Garzanti (2011), pp. 515-6.

“Cooperation In and Out of the Lab: A Comment on Binmore’s Paper”, Mind & Society 9 (2010), pp. 159-169.

“Alla scoperta dei mercati (in laboratorio)”, foreword to Vernon Smith, La razionalità nell’economia (Italian edition of Rationality in Economics), Milano, Bruno Leoni (2010), pp. 7-17 (with Matteo Motterlini).

“The Experimental Philosophy of Experimental Economics: Replies to Alexandrova, Hargreaves-Heap, Hausman, and Hindriks”, Journal of Economic Methodology 15 (2008), pp. 224-231.

“L’economia, filosoficamente parlando”, Informazione bibliografica 4 (2007), pp. 43-52.

Getting the FCC Auctions Straight: A Reply to Nik-Khah”, European Economic Sociology Newsletter 7 (2006), pp. 21-28.

“Utilità attesa”, “Razionalità strategica”, “Economia sperimentale”, in Enciclopedia filosofica. Milano: Bompiani (2006).

“Che cos’è il valore?”, in Argomentare: corso di filosofia , Vol.. 4, edited by G. Boniolo and P. Vidali. Milano: Bruno Mondadori (2003), pp. 252-265 (with Matteo Motterlini).

“Che cos’è la giustizia economica?”, “Qual è il metodo dell’economia?”, in Argomentare: corso di filosofia , Vol. 5, edited by G. Boniolo and P. Vidali. Milano: Bruno Mondadori (2003), pp. 400-413, 414-427 (with Matteo Motterlini).

“Clear-Cut Designs vs. the Uniformity of Experimental Practice”, Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2001), pp. 412-413.

“Causation (in Economics)”, in The Reader’s Guide to the Social Sciences, edited by J. Michie, London, Fitzroy Dearborn (2001), pp. 169-170.

Articles in newspapers and magazines

“Piketty e l’uguaglianza”, DoppioZero, 22 Febbraio 2018.

“Mercati senza limiti?”, DoppioZero, 19 Gennaio 2018.

“La politica dell’identità”, DoppioZero, 2 Gennaio 2018.

“Un Nobel per l’accoppiata vincente”, Il Sole 24Ore (Supplemento), 21 Ottobre 2012 (with Matteo Motterlini).

“Vai in laboratorio, capirai il mercato”, Il Sole 24Ore (Supplemento), 30 Maggio 2010 (with Matteo Motterlini).

“Ecco che cosa ci insegnano i calci di rigore”, Il Corriere della Sera (Supplemento economia), 30 Giugno 2008 (with Matteo Motterlini).

“L’economia, filosoficamente parlando”, Informazione bibliografica 4 (2007), pp. 43-52.

“Il Nobel alla cooperazione”, Il Sole 24Ore (Supplemento), 16 Ottobre 2005 (with Matteo Motterlini).

“Un metodo statistico a caccia di vere cause”, Il Sole 24Ore (Supplemento), 12 Ottobre 2003 (with Matteo Motterlini).

“Il patchwork delle leggi fisiche” [Review of Nancy Cartwright, The Dappled World], Il Sole 24Ore (Supplemento), 17 Ottobre 1999 (with Matteo Motterlini).

“Verità e costruzione scientifica”, KOS (Aprile 1999), pp. 22-24.

“Non manipolate il pensiero di Sir Karl”, Liberal 24 (1997), pp. 70-72 (with Matteo Motterlini). [This article sparked a debate published in La Stampa, 27 Febbraio 1997, p. 21.]

“Sul metodo della scienza”, Informazione filosofica 6 (Maggio 1996), pp. 40-42.

“Scienza e misurazione”, Informazione filosofica 6 (Febbraio 1996), pp. 35-36.