organized by

with the patronage of

under the auspices of

Sponsored by

and the collaboration of


5th International Workshop on Ice Caves


Barzio (LC), Valsassina, Grigna, Italy
September 16 – 23, 2012

All correspondence:


First circular
Second circular
 Third circular
IWIC - V Poster
Volume of Abstracts
Registration form

“…E i maggiori sassi scoperti che vi si trovano in detto paese son le montagne di Mandello, visine alle montagne di Lecche e di Gravidonia, inverso Bellinzona a 30 miglia di Lecco, e quelle di valle di Chiavenna; ma la maggiore è quella di Mandello, la quale ha nella sua basa una busa di verso il lago, la quale va sotto 200 scalini; e qui d’ogni tempo è diaccio e vento.” (Leonardo da Vinci, end of 1400)

 “…And the largest bare rocks that are to be found in this part of the country are the mountains of Mandello near to those of Lecco, and of Gravidona towards Bellinzona, 30 miles from Lecco, and those of the valley of Chiavenna; but the greatest of all is that of Mandello, which has at its base an opening towards the lake, which goes down 200 steps, and there at all times is ice and wind.” (Translated by Richter, 1888)

Ghiacciaia del Moncodeno - Moncodeno Ice Cave

LO LC 1650 Ice Cave


Aims of the workshop:

IWIC workshops are entirely devoted to ice cave research. We will discuss the state-of-the-art and ongoing research efforts, and boost international cooperation. We will explore interest for future ice cave research projects. Furthermore, IWIC-V is an ideal opportunity to widen the availability of research results, formerly published only in non-English papers, to a broader international audience.
We welcome contributions related to any aspect of ice cave research, and particularly:

- Ice cave climatology and the relationship between hypogean and epigean environments
- Morphology and mass balance of cave ice deposits
- Stratigraphy and internal structure of cave ice deposits
- Ice sampling methods
- Cave ice crystal fabrics
- Chemical and isotopic studies on cave ice and its fluid inclusions
- Applications of radiometric methods
- Palynology, dendrochronology and other biologically-related studies applied to ice cave research

IWIC-V is organized under the auspices of International Union of Speleology's Glacier, Firn, and Ice Caves Commission, and the Italian Glaciological Committee.


Scientific Committee:

Prof. Alfredo Bini 1

Dr. Zoltàn Kern2
Prof. Valter Maggi 3
Dr. Aurel Persoiu 4
Prof. Andreas Pflitsch
Dr. Stefano Turri 6
Prof. George Veni 7

Scientific secretary:
Dr. Stefano Turri 6

1 Earth Sciences Department “Ardito Desio”, University of Milano, Italy
Climate and Environmental Physics, Physics Institute, University of Bern, Switzerland
3 Environmental Sciences Department, University of Milano Bicocca, Italy
4 Geography Department, University of Suceava, Romania
5 Geography Department, Ruhr-University of Bochum, Germany
6 GeoSFerA - Studio Associato di Geologia, Varese, Italy

National Cave and Karst Research Institute, USA

All correspondence:




March 10, 2012 - Deadline for abstract submission

_ April 30, 2012 - Abstract acceptance
_ July 1, 2012 - Second circular

until June 30, 2012  - Registration with reduced fees

_ after June 30, 2012  - Registration with full fees

August 1, 2012 - Third circular with final program, information on transportation, etc.

_ September 16 - 23, 2012 – IWIC-V
_ November 30, 2012 - Paper submission

December, 2012 Papers will be published in a special ice caves issue of Geografia Fisica Dinamica Quaternaria


Host Administration:


Parco Regionale della Grigna Settentrionale (Grigna Regional Park)
Comunità Montana Valsassina Valvarrone Val d'Esino e Riviera


Duration of Workshop:

September 16-23, 2012

Conference Place and Accommodation:

Scientific meeting will take place at the congress hall of:

Comunità Montana Valsassina
Valvarrone Val d'Esino e Riviera

Via Fornace Merlo 2,
Barzio (LC)


Accommodation will be provided in:

Hotel Vittoria
Via Roma, 31
23816 Barzio (LC)
tel.: (+39) 0341910179
fax: (+39) 0341996417
web site:
Hotel Cristallo
Via Roma, 55
23816 Barzio (LC)
tel.: (+39) 0341996194
fax: (+39) 0341996124
Hotel Esposito
Via Francesca Manzoni, 33
23816 Barzio (LC)
tel.: (+39) 0341996200
web site:
Camping Grigna Residence
Via Prato Caminaccio
23811 Balisio di Ballabio (LC)
tel.: (+39) 0341232045
fax: (+39) 0341232631
web site:

Conference Costs:

Pre-workshop excursion

The pre-workshop excursion fee is 30 €.


The workshop fee for full participants will be 300 €, for students will be 240 €, for accompanying persons 180 € and  daily fee 60 € (); all fees will be payable:

Bank tranfer to
Comunità Montana Valsassina Valvarrone Val d'Esino e Riviera
Banca Popolare di Sondrio
IBAN CODE: IT56 S 05696 52000 000005900X50

or at the workshop’s registration desk paying in cash.

The fee includes: conference venue and equipment, travel from hotels to the conference venue, workshop coffee breaks, travel by helicopter to Grigna (2410 m), refreshments, lunches, dinners and accommodations in an alpine refuge during two days of the field excursion in Moncodeno (Grigna Settentrionale), preparation and printing of the program with the abstracts and the proceedings, including postage for sending the proceedings to the participants.

accompanying persons fee includes: travel by helicopter to Grigna (2410 m), refreshments, lunches, dinners and accommodations in an alpine refuge during two days of the field excursion in Moncodeno (Grigna Settentrionale)


Post-workshop excursion (work in progress)

Minimum number of participants: 25 persons

The post-workshop excursion fee will be 500 € and will be payable at the workshop’s registration desk., including travel, refreshment and lunch.

Board and accommodation

Board and accommodation is booked in the Victoria, Cristallo, Esposito Hotel and will be paid individually in hotel.
The special IWIC price for 3 nights, 3 breakfasts, 2 dinners, in hotel is :
single room 150 €
double room 130 € per person

in Camping Grigna Residence:
tent 14 € per day
person 7 € per day
it is possible to book dinner and breakfast in the camping restaurant


Contributed Papers:

All the participants are invited to send abstract to

The Workshop language is English, and the abstracts should be set up as follows:
The abstracts written in Microsoft Word for PC should be formatted for paper A4, single-spaced, 2 cm margins. They should contain the title and name(s), institutional affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s);
Title: the title of the abstract should be centered (not justified) and in bold type size Time New Roman 11. Capitalize only the first word and proper nouns
Author(s):List the authors, separated by a space from the title. Type size Time New Roman 10.
Affiliation(s): should be listed according to the numbers added in superscript after the authors name. Type size for affiliation is Time New Roman 9. All the lines of the author block should be centered. Leave one blank line after the authors block.
Text: is limited to 500 words (excluding title and author details) in
Times New Roman 10. Text must be justified. SI unit should be used. No footnotes, tables, figures, maps, or bibliographic references or acknowledgements should be included in the abstract.

Submitting a paper to Geografia Fisica Dinamica Quaternaria  the new ISI on-line Journal on Physical Geography and Geomorphology. Papers must be submitted no later than 30 November 2012

Instruction to Authors

Maximum poster dimension: 75 x 120 cm (width x height).




Sunday, September 16, 2012






Open IWIC registration desk


14.30 - 20.00

Pre-workshop excursion on Como Lake by boat.

"The geological setting of Grigne Massif and the evolution of Como Lake" by Zuccoli and Bini


20.00 - 22.00

Ice-breaker party in Comunità Montana Valsassina Valvarrone Val d'Esino e Riviera



Monday, September  17, 2012





09.30 - 10.00

Welcome Ceremony









chairman: Paola Tognini





10.00 - 10.20

Turri, Bini, Maggi - Ice caves scientific research history: from Leonardo da Vinci to the end of 1800

10.20 - 10.40

Menichetti, Salvatori, Poderini - Ice caves in Central Italy


10.40 - 11.00

Coffee Break









chairman: Zoltán Kern





11.00 - 11.20

Grebe, Pflitsch - Ice cave research - from a phenomenon to modern research


11.20 - 11-40

Colucci, Forte, Guglielmin - Underground cryosphere in the Monte Canin Massif, Alpi Giulie (Italy)


11.40 - 12.00

Pflitsch, Schörghofer, Smith - Exploration of Ice Caves on Mauna Loa, Hawaii


12.00 - 12.20

Yang, Shi - The numerical simulation of a saving mechanism of Ice Cave in Ningwu, China


12.20 - 14.00



14.00 - 14.20

Stepanov, Kichigin, Tainitsky  - Investigation of ice thickness in the Urals caves using Georadar








chairman: Andrej Mihevc





14.20 - 14.40

Kalinina, Tchaikovskiy, Kadebskaya - Mineral crusts at the surface of lakes of warm and cold zones in the Kungur Ice Cave


14.40 - 15.00

Kadebskaya - Cryogenic minerals of some ice caves of the Urals

15.00 - 15.20

Coffee Break









chairman: Valter Maggi





15.20 - 15.40

Tognini - Role of subglacial caves in the evolution of glacier in the snout area: two examples on the Forni Glacier (Valtellina, I) and Morteratsch Glacier (CH)


15.40 - 16.00

Mavlyudov -  Glacial caves of the Bellingshausen Dome and adjacent areas, King George Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica


16.00 - 16.20

Ferrario - A new register for the glacial caves


16.20 - 16.40

Tognini - Evidence of a subglacial lake in a contact cave on the Forni Glacier (Valtellina, I)


16.40 - 18.00

Discussion and poster session



Dinner in hotel


21.00 - 23.00



"Underground Lombardy: a trip inside the main Lombard cave systems" by FSLo Federazione Speleologica Lombarda



Tuesday, September  18, 2012




chairman: Andreas Pflitsch





09.20 - 09.40

Böckler, Pflitsch, Killing-Heinze - A comparison of temperature data loggers and measuring sensors of different price levels and construction types to test their reaction time, accuracy and applicability in cave research


09.40 - 10.00

Kosutnik - Temperature monitoring in Slovene Ice Caves examples, results and discussion


10.00 - 10.20

Holmgren, Pflitsch -  Talus & Gorge Glacier past to present - A historical and microclimatological research in the Northeastern United States


10.20 - 10.40

Korzystka, Piasecki, Sawiński, Zelinka - “Chimney effect” and its influence on the thermal conditions of the Dobšinská Ice Cave


10.40 - 11.00

Coffee Break


11.00 - 11.20

Morard, Bochud, Delaloye - Ice mass and frozen ground in permeable ventilated systems: comparison between a dynamic ice cave and overcooled talus slopes in western Switzerland


11.20 - 11.40

Mihevc  - The influence of the ice caves on climate of karst depressions – case of low altitude permafrost at Smrekova draga, Trnovski gozd, Slovenia

11.40 - 12.00 Pflitsch, Grebe, Grudzielanek - About the use of thermal cameras in cave micrometeorological studies  
12.00 - 12.20 Rojšek - Cave ice in Velika ledena jama v Paradani, Slovenija  

12.20 - 12.40

Favaron, Alberici - Measuring airflow, turbulence and micro-climate in glacier caves: a technology and data processing experience.


12.40 - 14.00










chairman: Aurel Perşoiu





14.00 - 14.20

Perşoiu, Bojar - δ13C in cave ice: a new proxy for palaeoprecipitation reconstructions


14.20 - 14-40

Shu, Jin, Huang, Zhang, Wu - China’s anti-season ice caves


14.40 - 15.00

Maggi, Turri, Bini, Perşoiu, Onac, Stenni, Udisti - Two millennia of natural to antropogenic effects in Transylvania from Focul Viu ice core









chairman: Birgit Sattler





15.00 - 15.20

Kern, Széles, Bočić  - Lead concentrations and stable lead isotopes from a Croatian cave ice profile


15.20 - 15.40

Coffee Break


15.40 - 16.00

Sattler, Standhartinger, Hoover, Wendlinger, Spötl, Psenner - Microbiology in Alpine and Antarctic Ice and Glacier Cave


16.00 - 16.20

Trushkova - Research of air ion composition of Kungur Ice cave atmosphere









chairman: Manuel Gómez Lende





16.20 - 16.40

Byun - Advanced use of ice caves as water storage


16.40 - 17.00

Korzystka, Piasecki, Sawiński, Zelinka - Human impact on the ice cave climatic environment - case study from entrance area of the Dobšinská Ice Cave


17.00 - 17.25

Pflitsch - Presentation of IWIC-VI in USA

17.25 - 18.00

Discussion and poster session


Dinner in hotel





21.00 - 23.00



"Grigna caves: the deep heart of the mountain" by In Grigna!






Wednesday, September 19, 2012









Helicopter travel from Barzio to Rifugio Brioschi (Brioschi Refuge) (2410 m). The first day of field excursions will be in the Moncodeno karst area in the northern side of Grigna Mountain. This is the principal location of ice caves in this area. It may be possible, for those with vertical caving equipment, to enter some shafts.

“The karst of Moncodeno area, Italian Alps” by Bini, Pellegrini and Zuccoli

Remember mountain equipment, Moncodeno is a high mountain Karst area.



Dinner, discussions and accommodation in Rifugio Bogani (Bogani Refuge) (1816 m)






Thursday, September 20, 2012









Second day of field excursion is also in the Moncodeno karst area. We will visit Moncodeno Ice Cave, the famous cave visited and described by Leonardo da Vinci and Stenone



Dinner, discussions, closing ceremony of IWIC-V  and accommodation in Rifugio Cainallo (Cainallo Refuge) (1290 m)






 Friday, September 21, 2012






Tranfer to Milano - Bicocca University during the morning



Other Scientific talks and visit the new "Ice Lab" in Milano.



Lunch in Milano – Bicocca University



Closure of workshop



Possible start for post-Workshop field trip






*organize your backpack for two days of field excursion. Your baggage will reach  you at the end of the second day in Rifugio Cainallo






September 21 - 23, post-workshop Excursion



Post-workshop excursion

We are organizing a post-workshop excursion to the Altipiano di Asiago Karst area where will be possible to visit other ice caves.
Altipiano di Asiago is a plateau in Veneto region. The price of the excursion will be around 500 Euro and minimum number of participants are 25.



How to get to IWIC -V

1) If you arrive in Italy by airplane you can arrive in one of the three airports near Milan:

a) Linate (LIN): in this case you will arrive at Milano Centrale railway Station (CENTRALE FS) by bus (AIR BUS)
b) Malpensa (MXP): in this case you will arrive at Milano Centrale railway Station (CENTRALE FS) directly by train (
MALPENSA EXPRESS) or at Milano Cadorna FNM Station by train and then from Cadorna to Central Station (CENTRALE FS)  by underground  (underground green line M2, direction Cascina Gobba/Cologno/Gessate)
c) Orio al Serio International Airport (BGY): in this case you will arrive at Milano Centrale railway Station (CENTRALE FS) by bus (

from Milano Centrale Station (CENTRALE FS) to Lecco by train
from Lecco (PIAZZALE STAZIONE) to Pasturo (PASTURO BIVIO) (Valsassina) by Bus

2) if you arrive in Italy by train you will arrive at Milano Centrale Station (CENTRALE FS)
from  Milano Centrale Station (CENTRALE FS) to Lecco by train
from Lecco (PIAZZALE STAZIONE) to Pasturo (PASTURO BIVIO) (Valsassina) by Bus


Participation form:

If you are interested in the workshop, please fill in the registration form and send it as soon as possible to the  workshop secretariat:


DTS UniMi - DISAT UniMib was last updated on September 5, 2012
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